Madre de Dios is home to never-ending forests, winding rivers and abundant wildlife. It is a wildlife reserve and refuge for endangered species, like the maned wolf and marsh deer. This region is also home to indigenous communities that promote ecotourism in regions with some of the richest biodiversity in the world, such as Lake Sandoval, Lake Valencia, Manu National Park, Tambopata National Reserve and Bahuaja-Sonene National Park, the only tropical, humid savannah ecosystem in Peru.


A meeting point for macaws formed on the river banks through an erosion process that encouraged the development of soil rich in mineral salts. At a height of around 50 metres and 500 metres long, it is considered to be the largest in the Peruvian Amazon. Six different species of macaw, parrot and parakeet gather here each morning. The colourful birds flock around the site before beginning the “colpeo” ceremony, eating the clay found in the cliff face that serves as a food supplement. After spending between 25 and 30 minutes at this spot, the birds leave to return the next day. Occasionally, sachavacas (tapirs), ronsocos (capybaras) and squirrels can also be seen here. In the treetops, different species of monkey can be seen, including the capuchin monkey, the titi monkey and occasionally the Peruvian spider monkey.


The reserve, which sits between the Tambopata and Heath river basins, covers 274,690 hectares and stretches into the Madre de Dios and Puno regions. It boasts an incalculable wealth of biodiversity: 632 species of bird have been discovered in the area, along with 1,200 species of butterfly, 169 species of mammal, 205 types of fish. Flora typical of the tropical regions can be seen; its most common ecosystems include aguaje palm areas, swamps, pacales and riverside forests, whose characteristics allow local people to take advantage of the natural resources. In order to access the area, visitors require prior authorisation from the National Service of Protected Natural Areas (SERNANP).